Unit 9.2 Multi-GPU Training Strategies
- Sequence Parallelism: Long Sequence Training from [a] System[s] Perspective, https://arxiv.org/abs/2105.13120
- ZeRO: Memory Optimizations Toward Training Trillion Parameter Models, https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.02054
What we covered in this video lecture
In this lecture, we explored the topic of GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) training on multiple GPUs and the inherent benefits and strategies it offers for large-scale machine learning tasks. As a critical point, GPUs, which have a much higher number of cores compared to CPUs, are well-suited for parallel computations, making them ideal for training machine learning models.
We then delved into the various categories of parallelism that harness the power of multiple GPUs: data parallelism, model parallelism, pipeline parallelism, tensor parallelism, and sequence parallelism.
For example, data parallelism involves distributing different subsets of the training data across multiple GPUs and then aggregating the gradients for the model update. Model parallelism splits the model itself across GPUs, where each GPU computes a part of the forward and backward pass. Tensor parallelism, on the other hand, is a more recent approach that splits the model’s tensors across multiple GPUs to handle extremely large models that don’t fit into a single GPU memory.
These techniques, in tandem or isolation, allow for the optimization of computational resources, speed up the training process, and enable the handling of larger models and datasets, thereby making multi-GPU training a key aspect of modern machine learning infrastructure.
Additional resources if you want to learn more
There are several guides on the PyTorch Lightning documentation website that I highly recommend reading for more advanced usages:
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