Source code for lightning.pytorch.strategies.fsdp

# Copyright The Lightning AI team.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import contextlib
import logging
from datetime import timedelta
from typing import Any, Dict, Generator, List, Optional, Type, Union

import torch
from torch import Tensor
from torch.nn import Module

import lightning.pytorch as pl
from lightning.fabric.plugins import CheckpointIO, ClusterEnvironment
from lightning.fabric.plugins.collectives.torch_collective import default_pg_timeout
from lightning.fabric.strategies import _StrategyRegistry
from lightning.fabric.strategies.fsdp import (
from lightning.fabric.utilities.distributed import (
from lightning.fabric.utilities.distributed import group as _group
from lightning.fabric.utilities.imports import (
from lightning.fabric.utilities.optimizer import _optimizers_to_device
from lightning.fabric.utilities.seed import reset_seed
from lightning.fabric.utilities.types import ProcessGroup, ReduceOp
from lightning.pytorch.plugins.precision import PrecisionPlugin
from lightning.pytorch.plugins.precision.fsdp import FSDPMixedPrecisionPlugin
from lightning.pytorch.strategies.launchers.subprocess_script import _SubprocessScriptLauncher
from lightning.pytorch.strategies.parallel import ParallelStrategy
from lightning.pytorch.strategies.strategy import TBroadcast
from lightning.pytorch.trainer.states import TrainerFn
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.exceptions import MisconfigurationException
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.model_helpers import is_overridden
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.rank_zero import rank_zero_info, rank_zero_only

_distributed_available = torch.distributed.is_available()
_fsdp_available = _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_1_12 and _distributed_available
if _fsdp_available:
    from torch.distributed.fsdp import (
    from torch.distributed.fsdp.wrap import enable_wrap
    FullyShardedDataParallel = None  # type: ignore[misc,assignment]
    MixedPrecision = None  # type: ignore[misc,assignment]
    CPUOffload = None  # type: ignore[misc,assignment]

if _distributed_available:
    from torch.distributed.distributed_c10d import _get_default_group

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

[docs]class FSDPStrategy(ParallelStrategy): r"""Strategy for Fully Sharded Data Parallel provided by torch.distributed. .. warning:: This is an :ref:`experimental <versioning:Experimental API>` feature. Fully Sharded Training shards the entire model across all available GPUs, allowing you to scale model size, whilst using efficient communication to reduce overhead. In practice, this means we can remain at parity with PyTorch DDP, whilst scaling our model sizes dramatically. The technique is similar to ZeRO-Stage 3. For more information check out `this blogpost <>`__. Defaults have been set and options have been exposed, but may require configuration based on your level of memory/speed efficiency. We suggest having a look at `this tutorial <>`__ for more information. Arguments: cpu_offload: See ``cpu_offload`` parameter in :class:`torch.distributed.fsdp.FullyShardedDataParallel`. mixed_precision: See ``mixed_precision`` parameter in :class:`torch.distributed.fsdp.FullyShardedDataParallel`. activation_checkpointing: A single layer or a list of layer classes for which you want to enable activation checkpointing. This is typically your transformer block (including attention + feed-forward). Enabling this can free up a significant amount of memory at the cost of speed since activations in these layers need to be recomputed during backpropagation. \**kwargs: See available parameters in :class:`torch.distributed.fsdp.FullyShardedDataParallel`. """ strategy_name = "fsdp" _registered_strategies: List[str] = [] def __init__( self, accelerator: Optional["pl.accelerators.Accelerator"] = None, parallel_devices: Optional[List[torch.device]] = None, cluster_environment: Optional[ClusterEnvironment] = None, checkpoint_io: Optional[CheckpointIO] = None, precision_plugin: Optional[PrecisionPlugin] = None, process_group_backend: Optional[str] = None, timeout: Optional[timedelta] = default_pg_timeout, cpu_offload: Union[bool, "CPUOffload", None] = None, mixed_precision: Optional[MixedPrecision] = None, activation_checkpointing: Optional[Union[Type[Module], List[Type[Module]]]] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> None: if not _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_1_12: raise MisconfigurationException("`FSDPStrategy` is supported from PyTorch v1.12.0 onwards.") super().__init__( accelerator=accelerator, parallel_devices=parallel_devices, cluster_environment=cluster_environment, checkpoint_io=checkpoint_io, precision_plugin=precision_plugin, ) self._process_group = None self.num_nodes = 1 self._process_group_backend = process_group_backend self._timeout: Optional[timedelta] = timeout self.cpu_offload = _init_cpu_offload(cpu_offload) self.mixed_precision = mixed_precision if activation_checkpointing and not _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_1_13: raise ValueError("Activation checkpointing requires torch >= 1.13.0. HINT: `pip install -U torch`") activation_checkpointing = activation_checkpointing or [] self._activation_checkpointing = ( [activation_checkpointing] if not isinstance(activation_checkpointing, list) else activation_checkpointing ) self.kwargs = kwargs if _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_2_0: # Avoids the need for user to reference params in `configure_optimizers` via # `self.trainer.model.parameters()` and enables support for multiple parameter groups. self.kwargs.setdefault("use_orig_params", True)
[docs] def lightning_module_state_dict(self) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Gathers the full state dict by unsharding all the parameters. To avoid OOM, the returned parameters will only be returned on rank 0 and on CPU. All other ranks get an empty dict. """ assert self.model is not None with FullyShardedDataParallel.state_dict_type( module=self.model, state_dict_type=StateDictType.FULL_STATE_DICT, state_dict_config=FullStateDictConfig(offload_to_cpu=(self.world_size > 1), rank0_only=True), ): return self.model.state_dict()
@property def root_device(self) -> torch.device: assert self.parallel_devices is not None return self.parallel_devices[self.local_rank] @property def num_processes(self) -> int: return len(self.parallel_devices) if self.parallel_devices is not None else 0 @property def process_group(self) -> Optional[ProcessGroup]: if self._process_group is None: # The strategy should have already initilized process group in setup_environment() self._process_group = _get_default_group() return self._process_group @property def process_group_backend(self) -> Optional[str]: return self._process_group_backend @property def mixed_precision_config(self) -> Optional[MixedPrecision]: if self.mixed_precision: return self.mixed_precision plugin = self.precision_plugin if isinstance(plugin, FSDPMixedPrecisionPlugin): return plugin.mixed_precision_config return None @property def distributed_sampler_kwargs(self) -> Dict: return {"num_replicas": (self.num_nodes * self.num_processes), "rank": self.global_rank}
[docs] def setup_environment(self) -> None: log.debug(f"{self.__class__.__name__}: setting up distributed...") reset_seed() # determine which process we are and world size self.set_world_ranks() self._process_group_backend = self._get_process_group_backend() assert self.cluster_environment is not None _init_dist_connection(self.cluster_environment, self._process_group_backend, timeout=self._timeout) super().setup_environment()
def _get_process_group_backend(self) -> str: return self._process_group_backend or _get_default_process_group_backend_for_device(self.root_device) def set_world_ranks(self) -> None: if self.cluster_environment is not None: self.cluster_environment.set_global_rank(self.node_rank * self.num_processes + self.local_rank) self.cluster_environment.set_world_size(self.num_nodes * self.num_processes) # `LightningEnvironment.set_global_rank` will do this too, but we cannot rely on that implementation detail # additionally, for some implementations, the setter is a no-op, so it's safer to access the getter rank_zero_only.rank = self.global_rank def _configure_launcher(self) -> None: assert self.cluster_environment is not None if not self.cluster_environment.creates_processes_externally: self._launcher = _SubprocessScriptLauncher(self.cluster_environment, self.num_processes, self.num_nodes) def _setup_model(self, model: torch.nn.Module) -> FullyShardedDataParallel: """Wraps the model into a :class:`~torch.distributed.fsdp.fully_sharded_data_parallel.FullyShardedDataParallel` module.""" # If model is already wrapped, we need to avoid sending the `auto_wrap_policy` assert self.lightning_module is not None if "auto_wrap_policy" in self.kwargs and any( isinstance(mod, FullyShardedDataParallel) for mod in self.lightning_module.modules() ): del self.kwargs["auto_wrap_policy"] log.debug(f"setting up FSDP model with device id: {self.root_device.index}, kwargs: {self.kwargs}") wrapped_module = FullyShardedDataParallel( module=model, process_group=self.process_group, cpu_offload=self.cpu_offload, mixed_precision=self.mixed_precision_config, device_id=self.root_device.index, **self.kwargs, ) # activation checkpointing needs to be set up after wrapping the model if _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_1_13 and self._activation_checkpointing: _setup_activation_checkpointing(module=wrapped_module, layers=self._activation_checkpointing) return wrapped_module
[docs] def setup(self, trainer: "pl.Trainer") -> None: assert self.accelerator is not None assert self.model is not None self.accelerator.setup(trainer) if trainer.state.fn == TrainerFn.FITTING and self._layer_sync: self.model = self._layer_sync.apply(self.model) # we set the device so that optimizers can be created with distributed comms. assert self.lightning_module is not None self.lightning_module._device = self.root_device if is_overridden("configure_sharded_model", self.lightning_module): rank_zero_info( "You have overridden `LightningModule.configure_sharded_model` hook. It will assume that all the layers" " are already wrapped for sharding and won't wrap the entire model using `FullyShardedDataParallel`." ) else: self.model = self._setup_model(self.model) self.barrier() self.setup_optimizers(trainer) _optimizers_to_device(self.optimizers, self.root_device) self.setup_precision_plugin()
[docs] def setup_optimizers(self, trainer: "pl.Trainer") -> None: if self.kwargs.get("use_orig_params"): return super().setup_optimizers(trainer) invalid_params_error = False try: super().setup_optimizers(trainer) except ValueError as ex: if "optimizer got an empty parameter list" not in str(ex): raise invalid_params_error = True if invalid_params_error or any(not _optimizer_has_flat_params(optimizer) for optimizer in self.optimizers): # We avoid this limitation in PyTorch >= 2.0 by setting `use_orig_params=True` raise ValueError( "The optimizer does not seem to reference any FSDP parameters. HINT: Make sure to create the" " optimizer after setting up the model by referencing `self.trainer.model.parameters()` in the" " `configure_optimizers()` hook." ) return None
[docs] def model_to_device(self) -> None: pass
[docs] @contextlib.contextmanager def model_sharded_context(self) -> Generator: log.debug(f"{self.__class__.__name__}: entered model_sharded_context.") with enable_wrap( wrapper_cls=FullyShardedDataParallel, process_group=self.process_group, cpu_offload=self.cpu_offload, mixed_precision=self.mixed_precision_config, device_id=self.root_device.index, **self.kwargs, ): yield
[docs] def barrier(self, name: Optional[str] = None) -> None: if not torch.distributed.is_initialized(): return if torch.distributed.get_backend() == "nccl": torch.distributed.barrier(device_ids=self._determine_device_ids()) else: torch.distributed.barrier()
[docs] def broadcast(self, obj: TBroadcast, src: int = 0) -> TBroadcast: if not torch.distributed.is_initialized(): return obj obj = [obj] torch.distributed.broadcast_object_list(obj, src, group=_group.WORLD) return obj[0]
[docs] def reduce( self, tensor: Union[Tensor, Any], group: Optional[Any] = None, reduce_op: Optional[Union[ReduceOp, str]] = "mean", ) -> Tensor: """Reduces a tensor from several distributed processes to one aggregated tensor. Args: tensor: the tensor to sync and reduce group: the process group to gather results from. Defaults to all processes (world) reduce_op: the reduction operation. Defaults to 'mean'/'avg'. Can also be a string 'sum' to calculate the sum during reduction. Return: reduced value, except when the input was not a tensor the output remains is unchanged """ if isinstance(tensor, Tensor): return _sync_ddp_if_available(tensor, group, reduce_op=reduce_op) return tensor
def _determine_device_ids(self) -> List[int]: return [self.root_device.index]
[docs] def teardown(self) -> None: rank_zero_info(f"{self.__class__.__name__}: tearing down strategy...") pl_module = self.lightning_module if ( pl_module is not None # `self.lightning_module._trainer` can be None if teardown gets called on an exception before # the trainer gets set on the LightningModule and pl_module._trainer is not None and pl_module._trainer.state.fn == TrainerFn.FITTING and self._layer_sync ): assert self.model is not None self.model = self._layer_sync.revert(self.model) assert self.cluster_environment is not None assert self.accelerator is not None self.cluster_environment.teardown() self.precision_plugin.teardown() self.accelerator.teardown()
@classmethod def get_registered_strategies(cls) -> List[str]: return cls._registered_strategies @classmethod def register_strategies(cls, strategy_registry: _StrategyRegistry) -> None: if not _fsdp_available: return strategy_registry.register( "fsdp", cls, description="Fully Sharded Data Parallel (FSDP) training", ) cls._registered_strategies.append("fsdp") strategy_registry.register( "fsdp_cpu_offload", cls, description="Fully Sharded Data Parallel (FSDP) training with Full Sharding and CPU Offloading", cpu_offload=True, ) cls._registered_strategies.append("fsdp_cpu_offload")

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