Introducing Lit-LLaMA: a minimal, optimized rewrite of LLaMA licensed under Apache 2.0 →

EP 01: Jupyter Notebooks vs Python Projects

In this Lightning Bits episode, William and Sebastian discuss the pros and cons of Notebooks (as in Jupyter Notebooks) and Python Projects. Watch the video, or continue reading below.

Using Jupyter Notebooks

Excited to get started with using Jupyter notebooks? The most common application for working with Jupyter notebooks is JupyterLab. Jupyter notebooks are great scratch pads for brainstorming ideas, and there are two common ways to use them: locally on our computer or in the cloud.

On Your Computer

We recommend the official installation instructions for getting it set up:

Personally, we prefer installing JupyterLab via conda (more on conda in a future episode) via

conda install -c conda-forge jupyterlab

Once you have it installed, you can type jupyter lab in your terminal and press Enter, and JupyterLab should open automatically in your web browser.

Jupyter Terminal

In the Cloud (Colab)

If you prefer working in the cloud, Google Colab is an easy and free way for doing so. You can check it out here.

Setting Up a Basic Python Project

We will revisit this topic in a future episode! However, if you are curious and can’t wait, here is how this works!
A basic Python project can start with a simple folder structure. Of course, the exact structure depends on the use-case context, but most often we start with two folders:

  1. src for our code files (.py scripts).
  2. docs for documentation-related files. file also often a good idea for leaving general instructions.

Turning a Project into a Python Package

Suppose we have a file that contains our code. We can convert it into a Python package so that we can import functions from it. To do this, we create a folder called mypackage (an arbitrary naming choice) that contains at least these 2 things:

  1. A file called . (This can be empty.)
  2. A file containing our code. We name it (another arbitary name).

Lastly, we create a file with the following minimal contents:

import setuptools


This file should be next to the mypackage folder. After you created these files, it should look like as follows:

Python Project folder structure(This starter package is available here on GitHub.)

Now, we are able to install the package using the command:

pip install -e path/to/the/folder/containing/

Install package

Finally, after completing this step, we can import code from the package in Python, anywhere on our computer!

Import Python Project

Stay tuned for a future episode where we discuss this in more detail! Also, if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to reach out on Slack!