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Source code for lightning.pytorch.core.module

# Copyright The Lightning AI team.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""The LightningModule - an nn.Module with many additional features."""
import logging
import numbers
import operator
import weakref
from contextlib import contextmanager
from pathlib import Path
from typing import (
    Any,
    Callable,
    cast,
    Dict,
    Generator,
    IO,
    List,
    Literal,
    Mapping,
    Optional,
    overload,
    Sequence,
    Tuple,
    Union,
)

import torch
from lightning_utilities.core.apply_func import apply_to_collection
from lightning_utilities.core.imports import compare_version, RequirementCache
from torch import ScriptModule, Tensor
from torch.nn import Module
from torch.optim.optimizer import Optimizer
from torchmetrics import Metric, MetricCollection
from typing_extensions import Self

import lightning.fabric as lf
import lightning.pytorch as pl
from lightning.fabric.loggers import Logger as FabricLogger
from lightning.fabric.utilities.apply_func import convert_to_tensors
from lightning.fabric.utilities.cloud_io import get_filesystem
from lightning.fabric.utilities.device_dtype_mixin import _DeviceDtypeModuleMixin
from lightning.fabric.utilities.distributed import _distributed_available
from lightning.fabric.utilities.imports import _IS_WINDOWS, _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_2_0, _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_2_1
from lightning.fabric.utilities.types import _MAP_LOCATION_TYPE, _PATH
from lightning.fabric.wrappers import _FabricOptimizer
from lightning.pytorch.callbacks.callback import Callback
from lightning.pytorch.core.hooks import CheckpointHooks, DataHooks, ModelHooks
from lightning.pytorch.core.mixins import HyperparametersMixin
from lightning.pytorch.core.optimizer import LightningOptimizer
from lightning.pytorch.core.saving import _load_from_checkpoint
from lightning.pytorch.loggers import Logger
from lightning.pytorch.trainer import call
from lightning.pytorch.trainer.connectors.logger_connector.fx_validator import _FxValidator
from lightning.pytorch.utilities import GradClipAlgorithmType
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.exceptions import MisconfigurationException
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.imports import _TORCHMETRICS_GREATER_EQUAL_0_9_1
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.rank_zero import rank_zero_debug, rank_zero_warn, WarningCache
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.signature_utils import is_param_in_hook_signature
from lightning.pytorch.utilities.types import (
    _METRIC,
    LRSchedulerPLType,
    LRSchedulerTypeUnion,
    OptimizerLRScheduler,
    STEP_OUTPUT,
)

_ONNX_AVAILABLE = RequirementCache("onnx")

warning_cache = WarningCache()
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

MODULE_OPTIMIZERS = Union[
    Optimizer, LightningOptimizer, _FabricOptimizer, List[Optimizer], List[LightningOptimizer], List[_FabricOptimizer]
]


[docs]class LightningModule( _DeviceDtypeModuleMixin, HyperparametersMixin, ModelHooks, DataHooks, CheckpointHooks, Module, ): # Below is for property support of JIT # since none of these are important when using JIT, we are going to ignore them. __jit_unused_properties__: List[str] = ( [ "example_input_array", "on_gpu", "current_epoch", "global_step", "global_rank", "local_rank", "logger", "loggers", "automatic_optimization", "trainer", "fabric", ] + _DeviceDtypeModuleMixin.__jit_unused_properties__ + HyperparametersMixin.__jit_unused_properties__ ) _jit_is_scripting = False CHECKPOINT_HYPER_PARAMS_KEY = "hyper_parameters" CHECKPOINT_HYPER_PARAMS_NAME = "hparams_name" CHECKPOINT_HYPER_PARAMS_TYPE = "hparams_type" def __init__(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> None: super().__init__(*args, **kwargs) # pointer to the trainer object self._trainer: Optional["pl.Trainer"] = None # optionally can be set by user self._example_input_array: Optional[Union[Tensor, Tuple, Dict]] = None self._current_fx_name: Optional[str] = None self._automatic_optimization: bool = True self._param_requires_grad_state: Dict[str, bool] = {} self._metric_attributes: Optional[Dict[int, str]] = None self._register_sharded_tensor_state_dict_hooks_if_available() self._compiler_ctx: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None # attributes only used when using fabric self._fabric: Optional["lf.Fabric"] = None self._fabric_optimizers: List[_FabricOptimizer] = [] @overload def optimizers(self, use_pl_optimizer: Literal[True] = True) -> Union[LightningOptimizer, List[LightningOptimizer]]: ... @overload def optimizers(self, use_pl_optimizer: Literal[False]) -> Union[Optimizer, List[Optimizer]]: ... @overload def optimizers(self, use_pl_optimizer: bool) -> MODULE_OPTIMIZERS: ...
[docs] def optimizers(self, use_pl_optimizer: bool = True) -> MODULE_OPTIMIZERS: """Returns the optimizer(s) that are being used during training. Useful for manual optimization. Args: use_pl_optimizer: If ``True``, will wrap the optimizer(s) in a :class:`~lightning.pytorch.core.optimizer.LightningOptimizer` for automatic handling of precision and profiling. Returns: A single optimizer, or a list of optimizers in case multiple ones are present. """ if self._fabric: opts: MODULE_OPTIMIZERS = self._fabric_optimizers elif use_pl_optimizer: opts = self.trainer.strategy._lightning_optimizers for opt in opts: opt.refresh() else: opts = self.trainer.optimizers # single optimizer if ( isinstance(opts, list) and len(opts) == 1 and isinstance(opts[0], (Optimizer, LightningOptimizer, _FabricOptimizer)) ): return opts[0] # multiple opts return opts
[docs] def lr_schedulers(self) -> Union[None, List[LRSchedulerPLType], LRSchedulerPLType]: """Returns the learning rate scheduler(s) that are being used during training. Useful for manual optimization. Returns: A single scheduler, or a list of schedulers in case multiple ones are present, or ``None`` if no schedulers were returned in :meth:`configure_optimizers`. """ if not self.trainer.lr_scheduler_configs: return None # ignore other keys "interval", "frequency", etc. lr_schedulers: List[LRSchedulerPLType] = [config.scheduler for config in self.trainer.lr_scheduler_configs] # single scheduler if len(lr_schedulers) == 1: return lr_schedulers[0] # multiple schedulers return lr_schedulers
@property def trainer(self) -> "pl.Trainer": if self._fabric is not None: return _TrainerFabricShim(fabric=self._fabric) # type: ignore[return-value] if not self._jit_is_scripting and self._trainer is None: raise RuntimeError(f"{self.__class__.__qualname__} is not attached to a `Trainer`.") return self._trainer # type: ignore[return-value] @trainer.setter def trainer(self, trainer: Optional["pl.Trainer"]) -> None: for v in self.children(): if isinstance(v, LightningModule): v.trainer = trainer # type: ignore[assignment] # https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/issues/95857 if not _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_2_0 and trainer is not None and not isinstance(trainer, weakref.ProxyTypes): trainer = weakref.proxy(trainer) self._trainer = trainer @property def fabric(self) -> Optional["lf.Fabric"]: return self._fabric @fabric.setter def fabric(self, fabric: Optional["lf.Fabric"]) -> None: for v in self.children(): if isinstance(v, LightningModule): v.fabric = fabric if fabric is not None and not isinstance(fabric, weakref.ProxyTypes): fabric = weakref.proxy(fabric) self._fabric = fabric @property def example_input_array(self) -> Optional[Union[Tensor, Tuple, Dict]]: """The example input array is a specification of what the module can consume in the :meth:`forward` method. The return type is interpreted as follows: - Single tensor: It is assumed the model takes a single argument, i.e., ``model.forward(model.example_input_array)`` - Tuple: The input array should be interpreted as a sequence of positional arguments, i.e., ``model.forward(*model.example_input_array)`` - Dict: The input array represents named keyword arguments, i.e., ``model.forward(**model.example_input_array)`` """ return self._example_input_array @example_input_array.setter def example_input_array(self, example: Optional[Union[Tensor, Tuple, Dict]]) -> None: self._example_input_array = example @property def current_epoch(self) -> int: """The current epoch in the ``Trainer``, or 0 if not attached.""" return self.trainer.current_epoch if self._trainer else 0 @property def global_step(self) -> int: """Total training batches seen across all epochs. If no Trainer is attached, this propery is 0. """ return self.trainer.global_step if self._trainer else 0 @property def global_rank(self) -> int: """The index of the current process across all nodes and devices.""" return self.trainer.global_rank if self._trainer else 0 @property def local_rank(self) -> int: """The index of the current process within a single node.""" return self.trainer.local_rank if self._trainer else 0 @property def on_gpu(self) -> bool: """Returns ``True`` if this model is currently located on a GPU. Useful to set flags around the LightningModule for different CPU vs GPU behavior. """ return self.device.type == "cuda" @property def automatic_optimization(self) -> bool: """If set to ``False`` you are responsible for calling ``.backward()``, ``.step()``, ``.zero_grad()``.""" return self._automatic_optimization @automatic_optimization.setter def automatic_optimization(self, automatic_optimization: bool) -> None: self._automatic_optimization = automatic_optimization @property def logger(self) -> Optional[Union[Logger, FabricLogger]]: """Reference to the logger object in the Trainer.""" if self._fabric is not None: return self._fabric.logger return self._trainer.logger if self._trainer is not None else None @property def loggers(self) -> Union[List[Logger], List[FabricLogger]]: """Reference to the list of loggers in the Trainer.""" if self._fabric is not None: return self._fabric.loggers if self._trainer is not None: return self._trainer.loggers return [] # type: ignore[return-value] def _call_batch_hook(self, hook_name: str, *args: Any) -> Any: trainer = self._trainer if trainer: datahook_selector = trainer._data_connector._datahook_selector assert datahook_selector is not None obj = datahook_selector.get_instance(hook_name) if isinstance(obj, self.__class__): trainer_method = call._call_lightning_module_hook else: trainer_method = call._call_lightning_datamodule_hook return trainer_method(trainer, hook_name, *args) hook = getattr(self, hook_name) return hook(*args) def _on_before_batch_transfer(self, batch: Any, dataloader_idx: int = 0) -> Any: return self._call_batch_hook("on_before_batch_transfer", batch, dataloader_idx) def _apply_batch_transfer_handler( self, batch: Any, device: Optional[torch.device] = None, dataloader_idx: int = 0 ) -> Any: device = device or self.device batch = self._call_batch_hook("transfer_batch_to_device", batch, device, dataloader_idx) batch = self._call_batch_hook("on_after_batch_transfer", batch, dataloader_idx) return batch
[docs] def print(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> None: r"""Prints only from process 0. Use this in any distributed mode to log only once. Args: *args: The thing to print. The same as for Python's built-in print function. **kwargs: The same as for Python's built-in print function. Example:: def forward(self, x): self.print(x, 'in forward') """ if self.trainer.is_global_zero: progress_bar = self.trainer.progress_bar_callback if progress_bar is not None and progress_bar.is_enabled: progress_bar.print(*args, **kwargs) else: print(*args, **kwargs)
[docs] def log( self, name: str, value: _METRIC, prog_bar: bool = False, logger: Optional[bool] = None, on_step: Optional[bool] = None, on_epoch: Optional[bool] = None, reduce_fx: Union[str, Callable] = "mean", enable_graph: bool = False, sync_dist: bool = False, sync_dist_group: Optional[Any] = None, add_dataloader_idx: bool = True, batch_size: Optional[int] = None, metric_attribute: Optional[str] = None, rank_zero_only: bool = False, ) -> None: """Log a key, value pair. Example:: self.log('train_loss', loss) The default behavior per hook is documented here: :ref:`extensions/logging:Automatic Logging`. Args: name: key to log. value: value to log. Can be a ``float``, ``Tensor``, or a ``Metric``. prog_bar: if ``True`` logs to the progress bar. logger: if ``True`` logs to the logger. on_step: if ``True`` logs at this step. The default value is determined by the hook. See :ref:`extensions/logging:Automatic Logging` for details. on_epoch: if ``True`` logs epoch accumulated metrics. The default value is determined by the hook. See :ref:`extensions/logging:Automatic Logging` for details. reduce_fx: reduction function over step values for end of epoch. :meth:`torch.mean` by default. enable_graph: if ``True``, will not auto detach the graph. sync_dist: if ``True``, reduces the metric across devices. Use with care as this may lead to a significant communication overhead. sync_dist_group: the DDP group to sync across. add_dataloader_idx: if ``True``, appends the index of the current dataloader to the name (when using multiple dataloaders). If False, user needs to give unique names for each dataloader to not mix the values. batch_size: Current batch_size. This will be directly inferred from the loaded batch, but for some data structures you might need to explicitly provide it. metric_attribute: To restore the metric state, Lightning requires the reference of the :class:`torchmetrics.Metric` in your model. This is found automatically if it is a model attribute. rank_zero_only: Whether the value will be logged only on rank 0. This will prevent synchronization which would produce a deadlock as not all processes would perform this log call. """ if self._fabric is not None: self._log_dict_through_fabric(dictionary={name: value}, logger=logger) return # check for invalid values apply_to_collection(value, dict, self.__check_not_nested, name) apply_to_collection( value, object, self.__check_allowed, name, value, wrong_dtype=(numbers.Number, Metric, Tensor) ) trainer = self._trainer if trainer is None: # not an error to support testing the `*_step` methods without a `Trainer` reference rank_zero_warn( "You are trying to `self.log()` but the `self.trainer` reference is not registered on the model yet." " This is most likely because the model hasn't been passed to the `Trainer`" ) return if trainer.barebones: rank_zero_warn( "You are trying to `self.log()` but `Trainer(barebones=True)` is configured." " Logging can impact raw speed so it is disabled under this setting." ) return results = trainer._results if results is None: raise MisconfigurationException( "You are trying to `self.log()` but the loop's result collection is not registered" " yet. This is most likely because you are trying to log in a `predict` hook," " but it doesn't support logging" ) if self._current_fx_name is None: raise MisconfigurationException( "You are trying to `self.log()` but it is not managed by the `Trainer` control flow" ) on_step, on_epoch = _FxValidator.check_logging_and_get_default_levels( self._current_fx_name, on_step=on_step, on_epoch=on_epoch ) # make sure user doesn't introduce logic for multi-dataloaders if "/dataloader_idx_" in name: raise MisconfigurationException( f"You called `self.log` with the key `{name}`" " but it should not contain information about `dataloader_idx`" ) value = apply_to_collection(value, (Tensor, numbers.Number), self.__to_tensor, name) if trainer._logger_connector.should_reset_tensors(self._current_fx_name): # if we started a new epoch (running its first batch) the hook name has changed # reset any tensors for the new hook name results.reset(metrics=False, fx=self._current_fx_name) if metric_attribute is None and isinstance(value, Metric): if self._metric_attributes is None: # compute once self._metric_attributes = { id(module): name for name, module in self.named_modules() if isinstance(module, Metric) } if not self._metric_attributes: raise MisconfigurationException( "Could not find the `LightningModule` attribute for the `torchmetrics.Metric` logged." " You can fix this by setting an attribute for the metric in your `LightningModule`." ) # try to find the passed metric in the LightningModule metric_attribute = self._metric_attributes.get(id(value), None) if metric_attribute is None: raise MisconfigurationException( "Could not find the `LightningModule` attribute for the `torchmetrics.Metric` logged." f" You can fix this by calling `self.log({name}, ..., metric_attribute=name)` where `name` is one" f" of {list(self._metric_attributes.values())}" ) if ( trainer.training and is_param_in_hook_signature(self.training_step, "dataloader_iter", explicit=True) and batch_size is None ): raise MisconfigurationException( "With `def training_step(self, dataloader_iter)`, `self.log(..., batch_size=...)` should be provided." ) if logger and trainer.logger is None: rank_zero_warn( f"You called `self.log({name!r}, ..., logger=True)` but have no logger configured. You can enable one" " by doing `Trainer(logger=ALogger(...))`" ) if logger is None: # we could set false here if there's no configured logger, however, we still need to compute the "logged" # metrics anyway because that's what the evaluation loops use as return value logger = True results.log( self._current_fx_name, name, value, prog_bar=prog_bar, logger=logger, on_step=on_step, on_epoch=on_epoch, reduce_fx=reduce_fx, # type: ignore[arg-type] enable_graph=enable_graph, add_dataloader_idx=add_dataloader_idx, batch_size=batch_size, sync_dist=sync_dist and _distributed_available(), sync_dist_fn=trainer.strategy.reduce, sync_dist_group=sync_dist_group, metric_attribute=metric_attribute, rank_zero_only=rank_zero_only, ) trainer._logger_connector._current_fx = self._current_fx_name
[docs] def log_dict( self, dictionary: Mapping[str, _METRIC], prog_bar: bool = False, logger: Optional[bool] = None, on_step: Optional[bool] = None, on_epoch: Optional[bool] = None, reduce_fx: Union[str, Callable] = "mean", enable_graph: bool = False, sync_dist: bool = False, sync_dist_group: Optional[Any] = None, add_dataloader_idx: bool = True, batch_size: Optional[int] = None, rank_zero_only: bool = False, ) -> None: """Log a dictionary of values at once. Example:: values = {'loss': loss, 'acc': acc, ..., 'metric_n': metric_n} self.log_dict(values) Args: dictionary: key value pairs. The values can be a ``float``, ``Tensor``, ``Metric``, or ``MetricCollection``. prog_bar: if ``True`` logs to the progress base. logger: if ``True`` logs to the logger. on_step: if ``True`` logs at this step. ``None`` auto-logs for training_step but not validation/test_step. The default value is determined by the hook. See :ref:`extensions/logging:Automatic Logging` for details. on_epoch: if ``True`` logs epoch accumulated metrics. ``None`` auto-logs for val/test step but not ``training_step``. The default value is determined by the hook. See :ref:`extensions/logging:Automatic Logging` for details. reduce_fx: reduction function over step values for end of epoch. :meth:`torch.mean` by default. enable_graph: if ``True``, will not auto-detach the graph sync_dist: if ``True``, reduces the metric across GPUs/TPUs. Use with care as this may lead to a significant communication overhead. sync_dist_group: the ddp group to sync across. add_dataloader_idx: if ``True``, appends the index of the current dataloader to the name (when using multiple). If ``False``, user needs to give unique names for each dataloader to not mix values. batch_size: Current batch size. This will be directly inferred from the loaded batch, but some data structures might need to explicitly provide it. rank_zero_only: Whether the value will be logged only on rank 0. This will prevent synchronization which would produce a deadlock as not all processes would perform this log call. """ if self._fabric is not None: return self._log_dict_through_fabric(dictionary=dictionary, logger=logger) kwargs: Dict[str, bool] = {} if isinstance(dictionary, MetricCollection): kwargs["keep_base"] = False if _TORCHMETRICS_GREATER_EQUAL_0_9_1 and dictionary._enable_compute_groups: kwargs["copy_state"] = False for k, v in dictionary.items(**kwargs): self.log( name=k, value=v, prog_bar=prog_bar, logger=logger, on_step=on_step, on_epoch=on_epoch, reduce_fx=reduce_fx, enable_graph=enable_graph, sync_dist=sync_dist, sync_dist_group=sync_dist_group, add_dataloader_idx=add_dataloader_idx, batch_size=batch_size, rank_zero_only=rank_zero_only, ) return None
def _log_dict_through_fabric(self, dictionary: Mapping[str, Any], logger: Optional[bool] = None) -> None: if logger is False: # Passing `logger=False` with Fabric does not make much sense because there is no other destination to # log to, but we support it in case the original code was written for Trainer use return if any(isinstance(v, dict) for v in dictionary.values()): raise ValueError(f"`self.log_dict({dictionary})` was called, but nested dictionaries cannot be logged") for name, value in dictionary.items(): apply_to_collection(value, object, self.__check_allowed, name, value, wrong_dtype=(numbers.Number, Tensor)) assert self._fabric is not None self._fabric.log_dict(metrics=dictionary) @staticmethod def __check_not_nested(value: dict, name: str) -> None: # self-imposed restriction. for simplicity if any(isinstance(v, dict) for v in value.values()): raise ValueError(f"`self.log({name}, {value})` was called, but nested dictionaries cannot be logged") @staticmethod def __check_allowed(v: Any, name: str, value: Any) -> None: raise ValueError(f"`self.log({name}, {value})` was called, but `{type(v).__name__}` values cannot be logged") def __to_tensor(self, value: Union[Tensor, numbers.Number], name: str) -> Tensor: value = ( value.clone().detach().to(self.device) if isinstance(value, Tensor) else torch.tensor(value, device=self.device) ) if not torch.numel(value) == 1: raise ValueError( f"`self.log({name}, {value})` was called, but the tensor must have a single element." f" You can try doing `self.log({name}, {value}.mean())`" ) value = value.squeeze() return value
[docs] def all_gather( self, data: Union[Tensor, Dict, List, Tuple], group: Optional[Any] = None, sync_grads: bool = False ) -> Union[Tensor, Dict, List, Tuple]: r"""Gather tensors or collections of tensors from multiple processes. This method needs to be called on all processes. Failing to do so will cause your program to stall forever. Args: data: int, float, tensor of shape (batch, ...), or a (possibly nested) collection thereof. group: the process group to gather results from. Defaults to all processes (world) sync_grads: flag that allows users to synchronize gradients for the all_gather operation Return: A tensor of shape (world_size, batch, ...), or if the input was a collection the output will also be a collection with tensors of this shape. """ group = group if group is not None else torch.distributed.group.WORLD all_gather = self.trainer.strategy.all_gather data = convert_to_tensors(data, device=self.device) return apply_to_collection(data, Tensor, all_gather, group=group, sync_grads=sync_grads)
[docs] def forward(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> Any: r"""Same as :meth:`torch.nn.Module.forward`. Args: *args: Whatever you decide to pass into the forward method. **kwargs: Keyword arguments are also possible. Return: Your model's output """ return super().forward(*args, **kwargs)
[docs] def training_step(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> STEP_OUTPUT: # type: ignore[return-value] r"""Here you compute and return the training loss and some additional metrics for e.g. the progress bar or logger. Args: batch (:class:`~torch.Tensor` | (:class:`~torch.Tensor`, ...) | [:class:`~torch.Tensor`, ...]): The output of your :class:`~torch.utils.data.DataLoader`. A tensor, tuple or list. batch_idx (``int``): Integer displaying index of this batch Return: Any of. - :class:`~torch.Tensor` - The loss tensor - ``dict`` - A dictionary. Can include any keys, but must include the key ``'loss'`` - ``None`` - Training will skip to the next batch. This is only for automatic optimization. This is not supported for multi-GPU, TPU, IPU, or DeepSpeed. In this step you'd normally do the forward pass and calculate the loss for a batch. You can also do fancier things like multiple forward passes or something model specific. Example:: def training_step(self, batch, batch_idx): x, y, z = batch out = self.encoder(x) loss = self.loss(out, x) return loss To use multiple optimizers, you can switch to 'manual optimization' and control their stepping: .. code-block:: python def __init__(self): super().__init__() self.automatic_optimization = False # Multiple optimizers (e.g.: GANs) def training_step(self, batch, batch_idx): opt1, opt2 = self.optimizers() # do training_step with encoder ... opt1.step() # do training_step with decoder ... opt2.step() Note: When ``accumulate_grad_batches`` > 1, the loss returned here will be automatically normalized by ``accumulate_grad_batches`` internally. """ rank_zero_warn("`training_step` must be implemented to be used with the Lightning Trainer")
[docs] def validation_step(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> Optional[STEP_OUTPUT]: r"""Operates on a single batch of data from the validation set. In this step you'd might generate examples or calculate anything of interest like accuracy. Args: batch: The output of your :class:`~torch.utils.data.DataLoader`. batch_idx: The index of this batch. dataloader_idx: The index of the dataloader that produced this batch. (only if multiple val dataloaders used) Return: - Any object or value - ``None`` - Validation will skip to the next batch .. code-block:: python # if you have one val dataloader: def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx): ... # if you have multiple val dataloaders: def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx=0): ... Examples:: # CASE 1: A single validation dataset def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx): x, y = batch # implement your own out = self(x) loss = self.loss(out, y) # log 6 example images # or generated text... or whatever sample_imgs = x[:6] grid = torchvision.utils.make_grid(sample_imgs) self.logger.experiment.add_image('example_images', grid, 0) # calculate acc labels_hat = torch.argmax(out, dim=1) val_acc = torch.sum(y == labels_hat).item() / (len(y) * 1.0) # log the outputs! self.log_dict({'val_loss': loss, 'val_acc': val_acc}) If you pass in multiple val dataloaders, :meth:`validation_step` will have an additional argument. We recommend setting the default value of 0 so that you can quickly switch between single and multiple dataloaders. .. code-block:: python # CASE 2: multiple validation dataloaders def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx=0): # dataloader_idx tells you which dataset this is. ... Note: If you don't need to validate you don't need to implement this method. Note: When the :meth:`validation_step` is called, the model has been put in eval mode and PyTorch gradients have been disabled. At the end of validation, the model goes back to training mode and gradients are enabled. """
[docs] def test_step(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> Optional[STEP_OUTPUT]: r"""Operates on a single batch of data from the test set. In this step you'd normally generate examples or calculate anything of interest such as accuracy. Args: batch: The output of your :class:`~torch.utils.data.DataLoader`. batch_idx: The index of this batch. dataloader_id: The index of the dataloader that produced this batch. (only if multiple test dataloaders used). Return: Any of. - Any object or value - ``None`` - Testing will skip to the next batch .. code-block:: python # if you have one test dataloader: def test_step(self, batch, batch_idx): ... # if you have multiple test dataloaders: def test_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx=0): ... Examples:: # CASE 1: A single test dataset def test_step(self, batch, batch_idx): x, y = batch # implement your own out = self(x) loss = self.loss(out, y) # log 6 example images # or generated text... or whatever sample_imgs = x[:6] grid = torchvision.utils.make_grid(sample_imgs) self.logger.experiment.add_image('example_images', grid, 0) # calculate acc labels_hat = torch.argmax(out, dim=1) test_acc = torch.sum(y == labels_hat).item() / (len(y) * 1.0) # log the outputs! self.log_dict({'test_loss': loss, 'test_acc': test_acc}) If you pass in multiple test dataloaders, :meth:`test_step` will have an additional argument. We recommend setting the default value of 0 so that you can quickly switch between single and multiple dataloaders. .. code-block:: python # CASE 2: multiple test dataloaders def test_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx=0): # dataloader_idx tells you which dataset this is. ... Note: If you don't need to test you don't need to implement this method. Note: When the :meth:`test_step` is called, the model has been put in eval mode and PyTorch gradients have been disabled. At the end of the test epoch, the model goes back to training mode and gradients are enabled. """
[docs] def predict_step(self, batch: Any, batch_idx: int, dataloader_idx: int = 0) -> Any: """Step function called during :meth:`~lightning.pytorch.trainer.trainer.Trainer.predict`. By default, it calls :meth:`~lightning.pytorch.core.module.LightningModule.forward`. Override to add any processing logic. The :meth:`~lightning.pytorch.core.module.LightningModule.predict_step` is used to scale inference on multi-devices. To prevent an OOM error, it is possible to use :class:`~lightning.pytorch.callbacks.BasePredictionWriter` callback to write the predictions to disk or database after each batch or on epoch end. The :class:`~lightning.pytorch.callbacks.BasePredictionWriter` should be used while using a spawn based accelerator. This happens for ``Trainer(strategy="ddp_spawn")`` or training on 8 TPU cores with ``Trainer(accelerator="tpu", devices=8)`` as predictions won't be returned. Example :: class MyModel(LightningModule): def predict_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx=0): return self(batch) dm = ... model = MyModel() trainer = Trainer(accelerator="gpu", devices=2) predictions = trainer.predict(model, dm) Args: batch: Current batch. batch_idx: Index of current batch. dataloader_idx: Index of the current dataloader. Return: Predicted output """ return self(batch)
[docs] def configure_callbacks(self) -> Union[Sequence[Callback], Callback]: """Configure model-specific callbacks. When the model gets attached, e.g., when ``.fit()`` or ``.test()`` gets called, the list or a callback returned here will be merged with the list of callbacks passed to the Trainer's ``callbacks`` argument. If a callback returned here has the same type as one or several callbacks already present in the Trainer's callbacks list, it will take priority and replace them. In addition, Lightning will make sure :class:`~lightning.pytorch.callbacks.model_checkpoint.ModelCheckpoint` callbacks run last. Return: A callback or a list of callbacks which will extend the list of callbacks in the Trainer. Example:: def configure_callbacks(self): early_stop = EarlyStopping(monitor="val_acc", mode="max") checkpoint = ModelCheckpoint(monitor="val_loss") return [early_stop, checkpoint] """ return []
[docs] def configure_optimizers(self) -> OptimizerLRScheduler: r"""Choose what optimizers and learning-rate schedulers to use in your optimization. Normally you'd need one. But in the case of GANs or similar you might have multiple. Optimization with multiple optimizers only works in the manual optimization mode. Return: Any of these 6 options. - **Single optimizer**. - **List or Tuple** of optimizers. - **Two lists** - The first list has multiple optimizers, and the second has multiple LR schedulers (or multiple ``lr_scheduler_config``). - **Dictionary**, with an ``"optimizer"`` key, and (optionally) a ``"lr_scheduler"`` key whose value is a single LR scheduler or ``lr_scheduler_config``. - **None** - Fit will run without any optimizer. The ``lr_scheduler_config`` is a dictionary which contains the scheduler and its associated configuration. The default configuration is shown below. .. code-block:: python lr_scheduler_config = { # REQUIRED: The scheduler instance "scheduler": lr_scheduler, # The unit of the scheduler's step size, could also be 'step'. # 'epoch' updates the scheduler on epoch end whereas 'step' # updates it after a optimizer update. "interval": "epoch", # How many epochs/steps should pass between calls to # `scheduler.step()`. 1 corresponds to updating the learning # rate after every epoch/step. "frequency": 1, # Metric to to monitor for schedulers like `ReduceLROnPlateau` "monitor": "val_loss", # If set to `True`, will enforce that the value specified 'monitor' # is available when the scheduler is updated, thus stopping # training if not found. If set to `False`, it will only produce a warning "strict": True, # If using the `LearningRateMonitor` callback to monitor the # learning rate progress, this keyword can be used to specify # a custom logged name "name": None, } When there are schedulers in which the ``.step()`` method is conditioned on a value, such as the :class:`torch.optim.lr_scheduler.ReduceLROnPlateau` scheduler, Lightning requires that the ``lr_scheduler_config`` contains the keyword ``"monitor"`` set to the metric name that the scheduler should be conditioned on. .. testcode:: # The ReduceLROnPlateau scheduler requires a monitor def configure_optimizers(self): optimizer = Adam(...) return { "optimizer": optimizer, "lr_scheduler": { "scheduler": ReduceLROnPlateau(optimizer, ...), "monitor": "metric_to_track", "frequency": "indicates how often the metric is updated" # If "monitor" references validation metrics, then "frequency" should be set to a # multiple of "trainer.check_val_every_n_epoch". }, } # In the case of two optimizers, only one using the ReduceLROnPlateau scheduler def configure_optimizers(self): optimizer1 = Adam(...) optimizer2 = SGD(...) scheduler1 = ReduceLROnPlateau(optimizer1, ...) scheduler2 = LambdaLR(optimizer2, ...) return ( { "optimizer": optimizer1, "lr_scheduler": { "scheduler": scheduler1, "monitor": "metric_to_track", }, }, {"optimizer": optimizer2, "lr_scheduler": scheduler2}, ) Metrics can be made available to monitor by simply logging it using ``self.log('metric_to_track', metric_val)`` in your :class:`~lightning.pytorch.core.module.LightningModule`. Note: Some things to know: - Lightning calls ``.backward()`` and ``.step()`` automatically in case of automatic optimization. - If a learning rate scheduler is specified in ``configure_optimizers()`` with key ``"interval"`` (default "epoch") in the scheduler configuration, Lightning will call the scheduler's ``.step()`` method automatically in case of automatic optimization. - If you use 16-bit precision (``precision=16``), Lightning will automatically handle the optimizer. - If you use :class:`torch.optim.LBFGS`, Lightning handles the closure function automatically for you. - If you use multiple optimizers, you will have to switch to 'manual optimization' mode and step them yourself. - If you need to control how often the optimizer steps, override the :meth:`optimizer_step` hook. """ rank_zero_warn("`configure_optimizers` must be implemented to be used with the Lightning Trainer")
[docs] def manual_backward(self, loss: Tensor, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> None: """Call this directly from your :meth:`training_step` when doing optimizations manually. By using this, Lightning can ensure that all the proper scaling gets applied when using mixed precision. See :ref:`manual optimization<common/optimization:Manual optimization>` for more examples. Example:: def training_step(...): opt = self.optimizers() loss = ... opt.zero_grad() # automatically applies scaling, etc... self.manual_backward(loss) opt.step() Args: loss: The tensor on which to compute gradients. Must have a graph attached. *args: Additional positional arguments to be forwarded to :meth:`~torch.Tensor.backward` **kwargs: Additional keyword arguments to be forwarded to :meth:`~torch.Tensor.backward` """ if self._fabric: self._fabric.backward(loss, *args, **kwargs) else: self._verify_is_manual_optimization("manual_backward") self.trainer.strategy.backward(loss, None, *args, **kwargs)
[docs] def backward(self, loss: Tensor, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> None: """Called to perform backward on the loss returned in :meth:`training_step`. Override this hook with your own implementation if you need to. Args: loss: The loss tensor returned by :meth:`training_step`. If gradient accumulation is used, the loss here holds the normalized value (scaled by 1 / accumulation steps). Example:: def backward(self, loss): loss.backward() """ if self._fabric: self._fabric.backward(loss, *args, **kwargs) else: loss.backward(*args, **kwargs)
[docs] def toggle_optimizer(self, optimizer: Union[Optimizer, LightningOptimizer]) -> None: """Makes sure only the gradients of the current optimizer's parameters are calculated in the training step to prevent dangling gradients in multiple-optimizer setup. It works with :meth:`untoggle_optimizer` to make sure ``param_requires_grad_state`` is properly reset. Args: optimizer: The optimizer to toggle. """ # Iterate over all optimizer parameters to preserve their `requires_grad` information # in case these are pre-defined during `configure_optimizers` param_requires_grad_state = {} for opt in self.trainer.optimizers: for group in opt.param_groups: for param in group["params"]: # If a param already appear in param_requires_grad_state, continue if param in param_requires_grad_state: continue param_requires_grad_state[param] = param.requires_grad param.requires_grad = False # Then iterate over the current optimizer's parameters and set its `requires_grad` # properties accordingly for group in optimizer.param_groups: # type: ignore[union-attr] for param in group["params"]: param.requires_grad = param_requires_grad_state[param] self._param_requires_grad_state = param_requires_grad_state
[docs] def untoggle_optimizer(self, optimizer: Union[Optimizer, LightningOptimizer]) -> None: """Resets the state of required gradients that were toggled with :meth:`toggle_optimizer`. Args: optimizer: The optimizer to untoggle. """ for opt in self.trainer.optimizers: if not (opt is optimizer or (isinstance(optimizer, LightningOptimizer) and opt is optimizer.optimizer)): for group in opt.param_groups: for param in group["params"]: if param in self._param_requires_grad_state: param.requires_grad = self._param_requires_grad_state[param] # save memory self._param_requires_grad_state = {}
[docs] def clip_gradients( self, optimizer: Optimizer, gradient_clip_val: Optional[Union[int, float]] = None, gradient_clip_algorithm: Optional[str] = None, ) -> None: """Handles gradient clipping internally. Note: - Do not override this method. If you want to customize gradient clipping, consider using :meth:`configure_gradient_clipping` method. - For manual optimization (``self.automatic_optimization = False``), if you want to use gradient clipping, consider calling ``self.clip_gradients(opt, gradient_clip_val=0.5, gradient_clip_algorithm="norm")`` manually in the training step. Args: optimizer: Current optimizer being used. gradient_clip_val: The value at which to clip gradients. gradient_clip_algorithm: The gradient clipping algorithm to use. Pass ``gradient_clip_algorithm="value"`` to clip by value, and ``gradient_clip_algorithm="norm"`` to clip by norm. """ if self.fabric is not None: self.fabric.clip_gradients( self, optimizer, clip_val=gradient_clip_val if gradient_clip_algorithm == GradClipAlgorithmType.VALUE else None, max_norm=None if gradient_clip_algorithm == GradClipAlgorithmType.VALUE else gradient_clip_val, ) return if gradient_clip_val is None: gradient_clip_val = self.trainer.gradient_clip_val or 0.0 elif self.trainer.gradient_clip_val is not None and self.trainer.gradient_clip_val != gradient_clip_val: raise MisconfigurationException( f"You have set `Trainer(gradient_clip_val={self.trainer.gradient_clip_val!r})`" f" and have passed `clip_gradients(gradient_clip_val={gradient_clip_val!r})`." " Please use only one of them." ) if gradient_clip_algorithm is None: gradient_clip_algorithm = self.trainer.gradient_clip_algorithm or "norm" else: gradient_clip_algorithm = gradient_clip_algorithm.lower() if ( self.trainer.gradient_clip_algorithm is not None and self.trainer.gradient_clip_algorithm != gradient_clip_algorithm ): raise MisconfigurationException( f"You have set `Trainer(gradient_clip_algorithm={self.trainer.gradient_clip_algorithm.value!r})`" f" and have passed `clip_gradients(gradient_clip_algorithm={gradient_clip_algorithm!r})" " Please use only one of them." ) if not isinstance(gradient_clip_val, (int, float)): raise TypeError(f"`gradient_clip_val` should be an int or a float. Got {gradient_clip_val}.") if not GradClipAlgorithmType.supported_type(gradient_clip_algorithm.lower()): raise MisconfigurationException( f"`gradient_clip_algorithm` {gradient_clip_algorithm} is invalid." f" Allowed algorithms: {GradClipAlgorithmType.supported_types()}." ) gradient_clip_algorithm = GradClipAlgorithmType(gradient_clip_algorithm) self.trainer.precision_plugin.clip_gradients(optimizer, gradient_clip_val, gradient_clip_algorithm)
[docs] def configure_gradient_clipping( self, optimizer: Optimizer, gradient_clip_val: Optional[Union[int, float]] = None, gradient_clip_algorithm: Optional[str] = None, ) -> None: """Perform gradient clipping for the optimizer parameters. Called before :meth:`optimizer_step`. Args: optimizer: Current optimizer being used. gradient_clip_val: The value at which to clip gradients. By default, value passed in Trainer will be available here. gradient_clip_algorithm: The gradient clipping algorithm to use. By default, value passed in Trainer will be available here. Example:: def configure_gradient_clipping(self, optimizer, gradient_clip_val, gradient_clip_algorithm): # Implement your own custom logic to clip gradients # You can call `self.clip_gradients` with your settings: self.clip_gradients( optimizer, gradient_clip_val=gradient_clip_val, gradient_clip_algorithm=gradient_clip_algorithm ) """ self.clip_gradients( optimizer, gradient_clip_val=gradient_clip_val, gradient_clip_algorithm=gradient_clip_algorithm )
[docs] def lr_scheduler_step(self, scheduler: LRSchedulerTypeUnion, metric: Optional[Any]) -> None: r""" Override this method to adjust the default way the :class:`~lightning.pytorch.trainer.trainer.Trainer` calls each scheduler. By default, Lightning calls ``step()`` and as shown in the example for each scheduler based on its ``interval``. Args: scheduler: Learning rate scheduler. metric: Value of the monitor used for schedulers like ``ReduceLROnPlateau``. Examples:: # DEFAULT def lr_scheduler_step(self, scheduler, metric): if metric is None: scheduler.step() else: scheduler.step(metric) # Alternative way to update schedulers if it requires an epoch value def lr_scheduler_step(self, scheduler, metric): scheduler.step(epoch=self.current_epoch) """ if metric is None: scheduler.step() # type: ignore[call-arg] else: scheduler.step(metric)
[docs] def optimizer_step( self, epoch: int, batch_idx: int, optimizer: Union[Optimizer, LightningOptimizer], optimizer_closure: Optional[Callable[[], Any]] = None, ) -> None: r"""Override this method to adjust the default way the :class:`~lightning.pytorch.trainer.trainer.Trainer` calls the optimizer. By default, Lightning calls ``step()`` and ``zero_grad()`` as shown in the example. This method (and ``zero_grad()``) won't be called during the accumulation phase when ``Trainer(accumulate_grad_batches != 1)``. Overriding this hook has no benefit with manual optimization. Args: epoch: Current epoch batch_idx: Index of current batch optimizer: A PyTorch optimizer optimizer_closure: The optimizer closure. This closure must be executed as it includes the calls to ``training_step()``, ``optimizer.zero_grad()``, and ``backward()``. Examples:: # DEFAULT def optimizer_step(self, epoch, batch_idx, optimizer, optimizer_closure): optimizer.step(closure=optimizer_closure) # Learning rate warm-up def optimizer_step(self, epoch, batch_idx, optimizer, optimizer_closure): # update params optimizer.step(closure=optimizer_closure) # manually warm up lr without a scheduler if self.trainer.global_step < 500: lr_scale = min(1.0, float(self.trainer.global_step + 1) / 500.0) for pg in optimizer.param_groups: pg["lr"] = lr_scale * self.learning_rate """ optimizer.step(closure=optimizer_closure)
[docs] def optimizer_zero_grad(self, epoch: int, batch_idx: int, optimizer: Optimizer) -> None: """Override this method to change the default behaviour of ``optimizer.zero_grad()``. Args: epoch: Current epoch batch_idx: Index of current batch optimizer: A PyTorch optimizer Examples:: # DEFAULT def optimizer_zero_grad(self, epoch, batch_idx, optimizer): optimizer.zero_grad() # Set gradients to `None` instead of zero to improve performance (not required on `torch>=2.0.0`). def optimizer_zero_grad(self, epoch, batch_idx, optimizer): optimizer.zero_grad(set_to_none=True) See :meth:`torch.optim.Optimizer.zero_grad` for the explanation of the above example. """ optimizer.zero_grad()
[docs] def freeze(self) -> None: r"""Freeze all params for inference. Example:: model = MyLightningModule(...) model.freeze() """ for param in self.parameters(): param.requires_grad = False self.eval()
[docs] def unfreeze(self) -> None: """Unfreeze all parameters for training. .. code-block:: python model = MyLightningModule(...) model.unfreeze() """ for param in self.parameters(): param.requires_grad = True self.train()
def _verify_is_manual_optimization(self, fn_name: str) -> None: if self.automatic_optimization: raise MisconfigurationException( f"to use {fn_name}, please disable automatic optimization:" " set model property `automatic_optimization` as False" )
[docs] @torch.no_grad() def to_onnx(self, file_path: Union[str, Path], input_sample: Optional[Any] = None, **kwargs: Any) -> None: """Saves the model in ONNX format. Args: file_path: The path of the file the onnx model should be saved to. input_sample: An input for tracing. Default: None (Use self.example_input_array) **kwargs: Will be passed to torch.onnx.export function. Example:: class SimpleModel(LightningModule): def __init__(self): super().__init__() self.l1 = torch.nn.Linear(in_features=64, out_features=4) def forward(self, x): return torch.relu(self.l1(x.view(x.size(0), -1) model = SimpleModel() input_sample = torch.randn(1, 64) model.to_onnx("export.onnx", input_sample, export_params=True) """ if _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_2_0 and not _ONNX_AVAILABLE: raise ModuleNotFoundError( f"`torch>=2.0` requires `onnx` to be installed to use `{type(self).__name__}.to_onnx()`" ) mode = self.training if input_sample is None: if self.example_input_array is None: raise ValueError( "Could not export to ONNX since neither `input_sample` nor" " `model.example_input_array` attribute is set." ) input_sample = self.example_input_array input_sample = self._on_before_batch_transfer(input_sample) input_sample = self._apply_batch_transfer_handler(input_sample) torch.onnx.export(self, input_sample, file_path, **kwargs) self.train(mode)
[docs] @torch.no_grad() def to_torchscript( self, file_path: Optional[Union[str, Path]] = None, method: Optional[str] = "script", example_inputs: Optional[Any] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> Union[ScriptModule, Dict[str, ScriptModule]]: """By default compiles the whole model to a :class:`~torch.jit.ScriptModule`. If you want to use tracing, please provided the argument ``method='trace'`` and make sure that either the `example_inputs` argument is provided, or the model has :attr:`example_input_array` set. If you would like to customize the modules that are scripted you should override this method. In case you want to return multiple modules, we recommend using a dictionary. Args: file_path: Path where to save the torchscript. Default: None (no file saved). method: Whether to use TorchScript's script or trace method. Default: 'script' example_inputs: An input to be used to do tracing when method is set to 'trace'. Default: None (uses :attr:`example_input_array`) **kwargs: Additional arguments that will be passed to the :func:`torch.jit.script` or :func:`torch.jit.trace` function. Note: - Requires the implementation of the :meth:`~lightning.pytorch.core.module.LightningModule.forward` method. - The exported script will be set to evaluation mode. - It is recommended that you install the latest supported version of PyTorch to use this feature without limitations. See also the :mod:`torch.jit` documentation for supported features. Example:: class SimpleModel(LightningModule): def __init__(self): super().__init__() self.l1 = torch.nn.Linear(in_features=64, out_features=4) def forward(self, x): return torch.relu(self.l1(x.view(x.size(0), -1))) model = SimpleModel() model.to_torchscript(file_path="model.pt") torch.jit.save(model.to_torchscript( file_path="model_trace.pt", method='trace', example_inputs=torch.randn(1, 64)) ) Return: This LightningModule as a torchscript, regardless of whether `file_path` is defined or not. """ mode = self.training if method == "script": with _jit_is_scripting(): torchscript_module = torch.jit.script(self.eval(), **kwargs) elif method == "trace": # if no example inputs are provided, try to see if model has example_input_array set if example_inputs is None: if self.example_input_array is None: raise ValueError( "Choosing method=`trace` requires either `example_inputs`" " or `model.example_input_array` to be defined." ) example_inputs = self.example_input_array # automatically send example inputs to the right device and use trace example_inputs = self._on_before_batch_transfer(example_inputs) example_inputs = self._apply_batch_transfer_handler(example_inputs) with _jit_is_scripting(): torchscript_module = torch.jit.trace(func=self.eval(), example_inputs=example_inputs, **kwargs) else: raise ValueError(f"The 'method' parameter only supports 'script' or 'trace', but value given was: {method}") self.train(mode) if file_path is not None: fs = get_filesystem(file_path) with fs.open(file_path, "wb") as f: torch.jit.save(torchscript_module, f) return torchscript_module
[docs] @classmethod def load_from_checkpoint( cls, checkpoint_path: Union[_PATH, IO], map_location: _MAP_LOCATION_TYPE = None, hparams_file: Optional[_PATH] = None, strict: bool = True, **kwargs: Any, ) -> Self: r""" Primary way of loading a model from a checkpoint. When Lightning saves a checkpoint it stores the arguments passed to ``__init__`` in the checkpoint under ``"hyper_parameters"``. Any arguments specified through \*\*kwargs will override args stored in ``"hyper_parameters"``. Args: checkpoint_path: Path to checkpoint. This can also be a URL, or file-like object map_location: If your checkpoint saved a GPU model and you now load on CPUs or a different number of GPUs, use this to map to the new setup. The behaviour is the same as in :func:`torch.load`. hparams_file: Optional path to a ``.yaml`` or ``.csv`` file with hierarchical structure as in this example:: drop_prob: 0.2 dataloader: batch_size: 32 You most likely won't need this since Lightning will always save the hyperparameters to the checkpoint. However, if your checkpoint weights don't have the hyperparameters saved, use this method to pass in a ``.yaml`` file with the hparams you'd like to use. These will be converted into a :class:`~dict` and passed into your :class:`LightningModule` for use. If your model's ``hparams`` argument is :class:`~argparse.Namespace` and ``.yaml`` file has hierarchical structure, you need to refactor your model to treat ``hparams`` as :class:`~dict`. strict: Whether to strictly enforce that the keys in :attr:`checkpoint_path` match the keys returned by this module's state dict. \**kwargs: Any extra keyword args needed to init the model. Can also be used to override saved hyperparameter values. Return: :class:`LightningModule` instance with loaded weights and hyperparameters (if available). Note: ``load_from_checkpoint`` is a **class** method. You should use your :class:`LightningModule` **class** to call it instead of the :class:`LightningModule` instance. Example:: # load weights without mapping ... model = MyLightningModule.load_from_checkpoint('path/to/checkpoint.ckpt') # or load weights mapping all weights from GPU 1 to GPU 0 ... map_location = {'cuda:1':'cuda:0'} model = MyLightningModule.load_from_checkpoint( 'path/to/checkpoint.ckpt', map_location=map_location ) # or load weights and hyperparameters from separate files. model = MyLightningModule.load_from_checkpoint( 'path/to/checkpoint.ckpt', hparams_file='/path/to/hparams_file.yaml' ) # override some of the params with new values model = MyLightningModule.load_from_checkpoint( PATH, num_layers=128, pretrained_ckpt_path=NEW_PATH, ) # predict pretrained_model.eval() pretrained_model.freeze() y_hat = pretrained_model(x) """ loaded = _load_from_checkpoint( cls, checkpoint_path, map_location, hparams_file, strict, **kwargs, ) return cast(Self, loaded)
def __getstate__(self) -> Dict[str, Any]: state = dict(self.__dict__) state["_trainer"] = None return state def _register_sharded_tensor_state_dict_hooks_if_available(self) -> None: """Adds ShardedTensor state dict hooks if ShardedTensors are supported. These hooks ensure that ShardedTensors are included when saving, and are loaded the LightningModule correctly. """ if _TORCH_GREATER_EQUAL_2_1: # ShardedTensor is deprecated in favor of DistributedTensor return if _IS_WINDOWS or not torch.distributed.is_available(): rank_zero_debug("Could not register sharded tensor state dict hooks") return from torch.distributed._shard.sharded_tensor import pre_load_state_dict_hook, state_dict_hook self._register_state_dict_hook(state_dict_hook) if compare_version("torch", operator.ge, "1.13.0", use_base_version=True): # See https://github.com/Lightning-AI/lightning/issues/16644 for why a base-version check is used here self._register_load_state_dict_pre_hook(pre_load_state_dict_hook, True) else: # We need to make sure the self inside the method is a weakref proxy self.__class__._register_load_state_dict_pre_hook( weakref.proxy(self), pre_load_state_dict_hook, True # type: ignore[arg-type] )
@contextmanager def _jit_is_scripting() -> Generator: """Workaround for https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/issues/67146.""" LightningModule._jit_is_scripting = True try: yield finally: LightningModule._jit_is_scripting = False class _TrainerFabricShim: """Intercepts attribute access on LightningModule's trainer reference and redirects it to the Fabric object.""" def __init__(self, fabric: lf.Fabric) -> None: super().__init__() self._fabric = fabric def __getattr__(self, item: Any) -> Any: try: return getattr(self._fabric, item) except AttributeError: raise AttributeError( f"Your LightningModule code tried to access `self.trainer.{item}` but this attribute is not available" f" when using Fabric with a LightningModule." )

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