Source code for lightning_fabric.loggers.tensorboard

# Copyright The Lightning AI team.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

import logging
import os
from argparse import Namespace
from typing import Any, Dict, Mapping, Optional, TYPE_CHECKING, Union

import numpy as np
from lightning_utilities.core.imports import RequirementCache
from torch import Tensor
from torch.nn import Module

from lightning_fabric.loggers.logger import Logger, rank_zero_experiment
from lightning_fabric.utilities.cloud_io import get_filesystem
from lightning_fabric.utilities.logger import _add_prefix, _convert_params, _flatten_dict
from lightning_fabric.utilities.logger import _sanitize_params as _utils_sanitize_params
from lightning_fabric.utilities.rank_zero import rank_zero_only, rank_zero_warn
from lightning_fabric.utilities.types import _PATH

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

_TENSORBOARD_AVAILABLE = RequirementCache("tensorboard")
_TENSORBOARDX_AVAILABLE = RequirementCache("tensorboardX")
    # assumes at least one will be installed when type checking
        from torch.utils.tensorboard import SummaryWriter
        from tensorboardX import SummaryWriter  # type: ignore[no-redef]

[docs]class TensorBoardLogger(Logger): r""" Log to local file system in `TensorBoard <>`_ format. Implemented using :class:`~tensorboardX.SummaryWriter`. Logs are saved to ``os.path.join(root_dir, name, version)``. This is the recommended logger in Lightning Fabric. Args: root_dir: The root directory in which all your experiments with different names and versions will be stored. name: Experiment name. Defaults to ``'lightning_logs'``. If it is the empty string then no per-experiment subdirectory is used. version: Experiment version. If version is not specified the logger inspects the save directory for existing versions, then automatically assigns the next available version. If it is a string then it is used as the run-specific subdirectory name, otherwise ``'version_${version}'`` is used. default_hp_metric: Enables a placeholder metric with key `hp_metric` when `log_hyperparams` is called without a metric (otherwise calls to ``log_hyperparams`` without a metric are ignored). prefix: A string to put at the beginning of all metric keys. sub_dir: Sub-directory to group TensorBoard logs. If a ``sub_dir`` argument is passed then logs are saved in ``/root_dir/name/version/sub_dir/``. Defaults to ``None`` in which case logs are saved in ``/root_dir/name/version/``. \**kwargs: Additional arguments used by :class:`tensorboardX.SummaryWriter` can be passed as keyword arguments in this logger. To automatically flush to disk, `max_queue` sets the size of the queue for pending logs before flushing. `flush_secs` determines how many seconds elapses before flushing. Example:: from lightning.fabric.loggers import TensorBoardLogger logger = TensorBoardLogger("path/to/logs/root", name="my_model") logger.log_hyperparams({"epochs": 5, "optimizer": "Adam"}) logger.log_metrics({"acc": 0.75}) logger.finalize("success") """ LOGGER_JOIN_CHAR = "-" def __init__( self, root_dir: _PATH, name: Optional[str] = "lightning_logs", version: Optional[Union[int, str]] = None, default_hp_metric: bool = True, prefix: str = "", sub_dir: Optional[_PATH] = None, **kwargs: Any, ): if not _TENSORBOARD_AVAILABLE and not _TENSORBOARDX_AVAILABLE: raise ModuleNotFoundError( "Neither `tensorboard` nor `tensorboardX` is available. Try `pip install`ing either.\n" f"{str(_TENSORBOARDX_AVAILABLE)}\n{str(_TENSORBOARD_AVAILABLE)}" ) super().__init__() root_dir = os.fspath(root_dir) self._root_dir = root_dir self._name = name or "" self._version = version self._sub_dir = None if sub_dir is None else os.fspath(sub_dir) self._default_hp_metric = default_hp_metric self._prefix = prefix self._fs = get_filesystem(root_dir) self._experiment: Optional["SummaryWriter"] = None self._kwargs = kwargs @property def name(self) -> str: """Get the name of the experiment. Returns: The name of the experiment. """ return self._name @property def version(self) -> Union[int, str]: """Get the experiment version. Returns: The experiment version if specified else the next version. """ if self._version is None: self._version = self._get_next_version() return self._version @property def root_dir(self) -> str: """Gets the save directory where the TensorBoard experiments are saved. Returns: The local path to the save directory where the TensorBoard experiments are saved. """ return self._root_dir @property def log_dir(self) -> str: """The directory for this run's tensorboard checkpoint. By default, it is named ``'version_${self.version}'`` but it can be overridden by passing a string value for the constructor's version parameter instead of ``None`` or an int. """ version = self.version if isinstance(self.version, str) else f"version_{self.version}" log_dir = os.path.join(self.root_dir,, version) if isinstance(self.sub_dir, str): log_dir = os.path.join(log_dir, self.sub_dir) log_dir = os.path.expandvars(log_dir) log_dir = os.path.expanduser(log_dir) return log_dir @property def sub_dir(self) -> Optional[str]: """Gets the sub directory where the TensorBoard experiments are saved. Returns: The local path to the sub directory where the TensorBoard experiments are saved. """ return self._sub_dir @property @rank_zero_experiment def experiment(self) -> "SummaryWriter": """Actual tensorboard object. To use TensorBoard features anywhere in your code, do the following. Example:: logger.experiment.some_tensorboard_function() """ if self._experiment is not None: return self._experiment assert rank_zero_only.rank == 0, "tried to init log dirs in non global_rank=0" if self.root_dir: self._fs.makedirs(self.root_dir, exist_ok=True) if _TENSORBOARD_AVAILABLE: from torch.utils.tensorboard import SummaryWriter else: from tensorboardX import SummaryWriter # type: ignore[no-redef] self._experiment = SummaryWriter(log_dir=self.log_dir, **self._kwargs) return self._experiment
[docs] @rank_zero_only def log_metrics(self, metrics: Mapping[str, float], step: Optional[int] = None) -> None: assert rank_zero_only.rank == 0, "experiment tried to log from global_rank != 0" metrics = _add_prefix(metrics, self._prefix, self.LOGGER_JOIN_CHAR) for k, v in metrics.items(): if isinstance(v, Tensor): v = v.item() if isinstance(v, dict): self.experiment.add_scalars(k, v, step) else: try: self.experiment.add_scalar(k, v, step) # TODO(fabric): specify the possible exception except Exception as ex: m = f"\n you tried to log {v} which is currently not supported. Try a dict or a scalar/tensor." raise ValueError(m) from ex
[docs] @rank_zero_only def log_hyperparams( self, params: Union[Dict[str, Any], Namespace], metrics: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None ) -> None: """Record hyperparameters. TensorBoard logs with and without saved hyperparameters are incompatible, the hyperparameters are then not displayed in the TensorBoard. Please delete or move the previously saved logs to display the new ones with hyperparameters. Args: params: a dictionary-like container with the hyperparameters metrics: Dictionary with metric names as keys and measured quantities as values """ params = _convert_params(params) # format params into the suitable for tensorboard params = _flatten_dict(params) params = self._sanitize_params(params) if metrics is None: if self._default_hp_metric: metrics = {"hp_metric": -1} elif not isinstance(metrics, dict): metrics = {"hp_metric": metrics} if metrics: self.log_metrics(metrics, 0) if _TENSORBOARD_AVAILABLE: from torch.utils.tensorboard.summary import hparams else: from tensorboardX.summary import hparams # type: ignore[no-redef] exp, ssi, sei = hparams(params, metrics) writer = self.experiment._get_file_writer() writer.add_summary(exp) writer.add_summary(ssi) writer.add_summary(sei)
[docs] @rank_zero_only def log_graph(self, model: Module, input_array: Optional[Tensor] = None) -> None: model_example_input = getattr(model, "example_input_array", None) input_array = model_example_input if input_array is None else input_array if input_array is None: rank_zero_warn( "Could not log computational graph to TensorBoard: The `model.example_input_array` attribute" " is not set or `input_array` was not given." ) elif not isinstance(input_array, (Tensor, tuple)): rank_zero_warn( "Could not log computational graph to TensorBoard: The `input_array` or `model.example_input_array`" f" has type {type(input_array)} which can't be traced by TensorBoard. Make the input array a tuple" f" representing the positional arguments to the model's `forward()` implementation." ) elif callable(getattr(model, "_on_before_batch_transfer", None)) and callable( getattr(model, "_apply_batch_transfer_handler", None) ): # this is probably is a LightningModule input_array = model._on_before_batch_transfer(input_array) # type: ignore[operator] input_array = model._apply_batch_transfer_handler(input_array) # type: ignore[operator] self.experiment.add_graph(model, input_array)
[docs] @rank_zero_only def save(self) -> None: self.experiment.flush()
[docs] @rank_zero_only def finalize(self, status: str) -> None: if self._experiment is not None: self.experiment.flush() self.experiment.close()
def _get_next_version(self) -> int: save_dir = os.path.join(self.root_dir, try: listdir_info = self._fs.listdir(save_dir) except OSError: # TODO(fabric): This message can be confusing (did user do something wrong?). Improve it or remove it. log.warning("Missing logger folder: %s", save_dir) return 0 existing_versions = [] for listing in listdir_info: d = listing["name"] bn = os.path.basename(d) if self._fs.isdir(d) and bn.startswith("version_"): dir_ver = bn.split("_")[1].replace("/", "") existing_versions.append(int(dir_ver)) if len(existing_versions) == 0: return 0 return max(existing_versions) + 1 @staticmethod def _sanitize_params(params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: params = _utils_sanitize_params(params) # logging of arrays with dimension > 1 is not supported, sanitize as string return {k: str(v) if isinstance(v, (Tensor, np.ndarray)) and v.ndim > 1 else v for k, v in params.items()} def __getstate__(self) -> Dict[str, Any]: state = self.__dict__.copy() state["_experiment"] = None return state

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